jeudi 12 décembre 2013

Guidelines for travel in Myanmar !

Guidelines for travel in Myanmar !

What you need to do in Burma?‘This is Burma’, wrote Rudyard Kipling. ‘It is quite unlike any place you know about.’

water throwing festival

The Burmese make a big party of the New Year. the "water throwing festival," is celebrated in April. This year it takes place April 13-16.
Everything shuts down over the four-day New Year -- banks, restaurants, shops. The biggest celebrations are in Yangon and Mandalay. 

During this period "water-throwing frenzy" everyone throws and sprays water at each other. Staying dry isn't an option. Water symbolizes the washing away of the previous year's bad luck and sins.
On New Year's Day, the fourth day of the festival, fish and birds are released as acts of merit and feasts are held for monks.
In recent years of privation, hard-core Burmese punks used leather glue to spike up their hair at New Year. The superstrong glue meant their mohawks stayed standing through the Water Festival, but when the party was over they had to shave their hair. These days, Burmese punks use hairspray.

Distribution in Kachin State 

( 1) Both package holidays and foreign independent travelers (FIT ) are allowed to travel to Myitkyina by plane or train.
( 2) Both package holidays and foreign independent travelers Affairs are authorized to Hopin , and Mohnyin Mogaung by train and from there to Indawgyi by motor vehicle. To travel by motor vehicle Hopin , Mohnyin , Mogaung areas . Prior authorization is required and when permission is granted may be allowed to travel .
(3 ) Both package holidays and foreign independent travelers (FIT ) are allowed to go to Jinghkrang , Myistone , Waingmaw Washaung and surrounding areas Myitkyina .
(4 ) Only travel packages are allowed to Putao by air. FIT for wishing to travel to Putao , they should contact the authorized travel agencies in Myanmar and move only as a package .
(5) Travel Packages Khakaborazi located Putao , Naungmon and Pan Nam Din Townships require prior authorization.
(6) To travel to Putao area as indicated above, a more detailed itinerary must be presented and advance to the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism .
(7) Package Travel and trustees are authorized to travel to Bamaw by plane and boat. To travel by motor vehicle , prior authorization is required.
Shan State ( North )
(1) Package Travel and trustees are authorized to travel to Lashio inland continent by plane, train and motor vehicle.
(2) For travel trip to the continent Muse package , prior authorization is required to travel by motor vehicle.
Shan State (South)
(1) Package Travel and trustees are authorized to travel by plane, train and automobile waterway Inlay , Pindaya , Kalaw , areas Yat Sau and Mwedaw Kakku areas.
(2) Travel inlay in Nyaung Shwe Township , the village of San Kar area Hpe Kone motorboat , prior authorization is required.
Shan State (East) (1) Package Tour and FIT are allowed to travel by inland waterway in Kyaing Tong plane and Tachileik and motor vehicle Kyaing Tong Tachileik .

 A typical Burmese food includes steamed rice, fish, meat, vegetables and soup and all the dishes arrive at the same moment . It is Asia

Kayah State what you need to understand ?


The left hand does the job of toilet paper.

 You need to know that It's considered rude to eat with the left hand as this is the hand used for personal hygiene. What you should also know is that to spell that out, the left hand does the job of toilet paper.

So eating  as well as giving money is always done with the right hand.

The Burmese use their fingertips to mold the rice into a small ball and then mix it with various dishes.
As is the norm, most of Buddhists usually avoid eating beef and the Muslims don't eat pork meat.

Meals are served with plenty of condiments -- from sweet to savory -- and everyone has their preferred way of customizing a dish.


(1) Travel to Loikaw flying to Loikaw by motor vehicle by Kalaw , Pin Laung and Hpe Kone routes require prior authorization. Travel outside Loikaw is not allowed .
Rakhine State
(1) Package Travel and trustees are permitted to travel through the interior road Akyab , Mrauk Oo, Thandwe , Gwa and Taung Goke by ships plane motor vehicles and ships.
(2) Package Tours and trustees are authorized to travel by motor vehicle along kyaung - Gwa how engine Nga Pyay - Taung Koke highway Ngapali .
(3) Prior authorization is required for package tours and FIT traveling by motor vehicle and vessel vessels Am Pyar Minn. , areas Kyawk Taw via Kyawk taw Paletwa in Chin State .
(4) Prior authorization is required for package tours and FIT traveling by motor vehicle and vessel vessels Pyay - Taung Koke - Pa Dann , Mrauk Oo township area Lay Myo Chaung , and Chin Village in Pauk taw township .

This country has fantastic beaches! 
Myanmar has 1,250 miles of coastline and some of the finest stretches of beach in Asia. 
This is amazing when you have been there.
It remains me undiscovered by tourists and unspoiled by development.
Many beaches along the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea 

Many of them face west, so they produce great sunsets. 
The best known is Ngapali Beach, a 45-minute flight from Yangon, where almost two miles of white sand are lined with palm trees overlooking the Andaman Sea. Here, you'll find a number of large resorts.
Less developed is Ngwe Saung, a beautifully unspoiled beach that's a five-hour drive from Yangon. Also called Silver Beach, its eight-mile (13 kilometers) stretch makes it one of the longest beaches in Asia.


Kayin State

(1) Prior authorization is required for package tours and FIT traveling by motor vehicle and vessel vessels Townships Hpa An - Tharminya - Hlaing Bwe - Kaukareik .
Mon State
(1) Package Travel and trustees are authorized to travel by trains ships, motor vehicles and ship Kyaik Htiyo - Kyaik Hto - Thaton - Kyaikmaraw - Thanbyuzayat and Kayikkami .
tanintharyi Region
(1) Package Travel and trustees are authorized to travel by air and boat boats Myeik , Dawei Maungmagan and Kawthaung .
(2) authorized to travel with entry permits to Kawthaung area Salone Kyun Kyun Mee Pya , Lu Seik Kyun Kyun Thahtay , Sagaing Hla Kyun Kyun and Minn .
(3) Prior authorization is required for package tour and FIT traveling by ships ships Koon Thi Kyun Kyun Su Lar Nge , Pah Weh Kyun Kyun The Nagn , Lampi Kyun Ma Kyone Pebble Kyun Kyun Myauk Taw Win , Kyun Phee Lar, Nyaung Wee Kyun Taw Win Taung Kyun Kyun No (115) Hlaing Goo Kyun Kyun Nahnat Thi , Shwe Kyun Kyun Myauk Nee , Game Gaung Kyun Ye Su, Auk Kyun Kyun Ni nad Myin Kwar in Myeik , Dawei and regions Kawthaung .
Yangon, Mandalay Region , Bago Region, Magwe Region, Ayeyarwady Region
(1) Package Travel and trustees are authorized to travel by train , ships ships and motor vehicles in the area of ​​Yangon , Mandalay Region, Bago Region, Magwe Region, Ayeyarwady Region.
Sagaing Region
(1) Package Travel and trustees are authorized to travel by motor vehicles Alaungdaw Katthapa , Po Win Taung , Monywa , Double Taung Butalin Kyauk Ka Yin Ma Pin Ye Shan areas Beds
(2) Package Tours and trustees are authorized by plane and boat boats Hkamti . Travel outside of the city is not allowed .
(3) the package travel and trustees are authorized to travel by ship ships Homalin . Travel outside the city is not allowed .
(4) Package Travel and trustees are authorized to Kalay and air travel in the (4) Around mile from the town is allowed.
(5) Prior authorization is required for travel Kalewa , Hpaung Pyin Lahe , Lashi , Takathi , Minn. Kin areas .

Tips to travel in Burma

(1) Prior authorization is required for package tours and FIT traveling Kanpelet , Natmataung (Mt Victoria) Mindat , Aye Ywa Sakan ( Camp) If Yum (Camp ) (8) Camp mile, Kennedy Taung , Falam , Haka . As for the other regions is not allowed.
Crusing River
(1) Package Travel and trustees are authorized to travel by ships ships along roads Mandaly - Bamaw - Mandaly , Mandalay - Bagan Nyaung Oo , Mandalay, Yangon- Mandalay visits - Yangon , Delta and Mawlamyaing areas - Hpa - An Ayeyarwady River visits Mawlamyaing .
restricted areas
(1) Travel Mogoke is not allowed .
(2) Travel Hpakant is not allowed .
(3) Tourists are not allowed to travel to Pyinmana , Lewe and Takone areas.
International tourists traveling through the border control points Kachin State
(1 ) Prior authorization is required for visitors entering through checkpoint Laizar with entry permits and are allowed to move only in Myitkyina only.
(2 ) Prior authorization is required for visitors entering through Kanpeikti Checkpoint with entry permits and are allowed to go to Myitkyina only.
(3 ) Visitors enter through Lweji Checkpoint with entry permits are allowed to travel only Bamaw .
Shan State ( North )
(1 ) Visitors from China with entrance and arranged as Package with private trips and visits permits are allowed to travel overland by Muse, Namkham , Kyukoke , solitary Kwan (Chin Shwe Haw, Ho Pan) points control Lashio only.
Shan State (East)
(1 ) Visitors are Thailand with entry permits are allowed to go to Tachileik , Kyaing Tong and Mailar out and take the same path .
(2) Visitors from China with entry permits are allowed to travel in May Lar, Kyaing Tong and Tachileik out and take the same path .
(3) Visitors to Laos with entry permits are allowed to travel in Wan Pone and Tachileik out and take the same path .
International tourists with valid visa entering through border checkpoints
(1) Prior authorization is required for the package travel and foreign visitors with a valid passport and an entry visa to enter with entry and exit points of border control, international airports, ports are allowed to change the output gates .
(2 ) Prior authorization is required to go to special areas of regions / restricted region (eg Act Lem , Nam San ( South / North ) Pin Lon Hu Kaung Valley)
(3) Special Chartered Flights / Cruises prior authorization is required for landing / take-off reception and / departure charter flights and cruise ships.

sources :

samedi 2 novembre 2013

Importation of Gold in China!

Importation of Gold in China! 

Net imports Golden China from Hong Kong fell slightly in September but overall are considered strong , with an investment bank citing as an example of the ongoing transition to a higher demand in the country the East than in the West. Shipments to China from Hong Kong were 116.3 tonnes in September , exports to Hong Kong 6.9. That left net imports of 109.4 metric tons, down 0.7% from 110.2 the previous month, according to press reports . " Month after month data show that small changes are not really significant . What matters is the trend over a long period ... ," said Jeffrey Nichols , Managing Director of American Precious Metals Advisors and Advisor main economic to Rosland Capital. China " has become in recent years may be the major factor in the physical market and is likely to remain or become even more - . In the years to come"

 Beijing government

The Chinese government does not release the actual statistics for imports in mainland China. As a result , analysts monitor Census Hong Kong and statistics in order to measure the flow of gold in China. "It was ... the fifth consecutive show net imports of more than 100 tons " month, said Commerzbank . reports peg net imports to 826 tonnes so far this year , double the first nine months of 2012. Commerzbank said Chinese imports far exceeded the output of products traded in global stock market gold , it lists, in a little less than 703 metric tons in the first nine months of the year. "This is further evidence that the demand for gold is moving from West to East ," said Commerzbank  source

 Many analysts believe that the data support the idea that China will overtake India as the world 's largest consumer of gold in 2013. While Chinese demand has been strong for most of the year, imports from India have been reported softer in response to government efforts to limit the input of metal to reduce the large current account deficit . "With what is happening in India right now , China is by far the largest importer ," said Afshin Nabavi , head of trading with MKS (Switzerland) SA . " Remember, they ( the Chinese) are also production themselves inside that is consumed by them. " Traders will be watching closely the October data when it is released to see if a slowdown in Chinese imports is observed. The Chinese market was closed for a week stretch during the Golden Week holiday , Nabavi said. In addition, many analysts believe that the activity in China was duller at the end of October, with softer premiums earlier this year. " It will be interesting to see what the numbers we have in October ," said Nabavi . Nichols pointed out, however, that lower premiums are not necessarily an indicator of the decline in domestic demand in China .

 The government has taken measures

 "The government has taken measures , in a sense, to provide more supply on the domestic market, increasing the number of banks and financial companies that are authorized to import gold," he said . "They somehow grease the wheels a little more to improve the possibility of large bonuses again. " He said Chinese supplies are probably rising, mine production and scrap metal . This means that consumption especially strong if the country imports metal at the same time . In addition, it is likely that more metal than reported circulating in the country via smuggling across the major border " porous ", especially when premiums are high, Nichols said. And , he said , the central bank countries is thought to be adding to its gold reserves , and this result can be held in deposits with other central banks and therefore not included in the import statistics . Nichols suggested that the government may try to encourage the demand for private investment while minimizing the impact of energy prices on the world market . " He wants to buy cheap gold rather than prices that would certainly be higher if people gave adequate recognition to strong demand from China ," said Nichols . He added : " Intuitively, I feel that Chinese demand is very strong, will remain strong over the long term and become a factor more important in setting the prices on world markets. "


dimanche 20 octobre 2013

China is the Largest solar market in Asia

China is the Largest solar market in Asia,

And it plans to add more production projects in areas where electricity can be distributed to customers who live nearby. The government intends to expand the total capacity of these projects to 20 gigawatts by 2015, Wu Xinxiong, director of the National Energy Administration, said in a speech published on the website of the agency.

This compares to only 2 gigawatts at the end of last year, according to data compiled by us.

distribution in China

Increasing the distribution short, China can avoid overloading networks have struggled to absorb the recent growth of solar and wind power generation, which are both intermittent sources of energy as the peak of favorable weather .

China Solar System 

 Next year, China will add 6 gigawatts of distributed solar power, or power plants that are scattered rather than a central hub, Wu said. More than 80 percent of this capacity will be in the regions around Shanghai, Guangzhou and Beijing. These areas have electricity demand higher than other cities, Wang Min Nan, a Beijing-based Bloomberg New Energy Finance analyst, said today by phone. "It is not necessary to transmit energy over long distances," she said. China aims to reach 35 gigawatts of total solar capacity in 2015, according to Wu's speech posted yesterday. The country introduced a subsidy of 0.42 yuan (7 cents) one kilowatt hour in August for projects under 6 megawatts connected networks up to 10 kV. China Development Bank Corp. will establish funding agencies and local investment to advance the planned plants...

 source :
China media

vendredi 11 octobre 2013

The big problems of the distribution in China

The big problems of the distribution in China 

Container manufacturers , ports and logistics companies have been pouring millions of dollars into the development of cold chain facilities to meet the expected demand for fresh produce and seafood demand as the global economy recovers .

Logistic in China is always a problem

Poor local distribution on the continent , however, could affect shippers' access to consumers in the world 's second largest economy , traders said .
While officials of the box as Singamas Container aim to double the sales of their special containers , including refrigerated those over the next two to three years, and port and logistics business operators to enhance supply chain to ensure the free movement of fresh produce , problems arise when he leaves cold storage .

Fresh Products

Very few trucks on the continent are equipped to supply chilled, so most of the fresh produce containers are not kept in a regulated on its way to market " atmosphere , said Kurt Huang, general manager of Shanghai Freight Hongshen forwarding. "Even with those [ who are equipped ] , there are unscrupulous drivers Turn off the power during the journey to save fuel , inflicting heavy losses on the owners of the cargo. "
If the trip was short , the damage was limited , Huang said, but an inspection by quarantine officers and personalized - which may leave sensitive goods exposed for days - more accustomed to certain wholesalers continent leaving boxes of perishable goods under the sun added to the toll and the goods would then spend several hours travel retailer in improper condition . China !

Jiang Zhangjie , a fruit importer based Anhui , said a growing number of new inexperienced operators in the business and the lack of a distribution network meant regulated product quality is at risk of being compromised . "Many of these newcomers just want to make money quickly ," said Jiang. " They did not invest in the future because it increase the price of their products and reduce their competitiveness. "

While Asian fresh produce exports fell nearly 6 percent to $ 18.6 billion U.S. last year , according to the United Nations , Asian imports jumped 12 percent to 28 billion U.S. dollars, the China accounting for nearly 70 percent of the increase, followed by Japan , South Korea , Thailand and India. via

Transportation problems

Although the U.S. Department of Agriculture forecasts a decline of $ 2 billion in the value of U.S. agricultural exports to China next year , analysts believe the strengthening of trade links between China and the emerging economies , creating over free trade zones and higher wages will continue to support the country's demand .
Anthony Wong Foo Wah , former chairman of the Hong Kong Logistics Association , said he wanted to bring the logistics know-how and expertise of the city in the continent by setting up an area of ​​chain cold in every major provinces - which involves the storage , packaging, distribution and even a wholesale market - but he said the shortage of land was as much a problem again in Hong Kong. source

"Municipal governments while their reserve land for projects such as residential developments , shopping centers and hotels because they are money - spinners that generate quick income for them . We have a low priority

jeudi 10 octobre 2013

How to adapt your product for the Chinese market !

How to adapt your product for the Chinese market ! 

Selling ​​in China today is no exception to this saying as it is true that society, the Chinese cultural system are complex.

The values ​​of Chinese Confucianism is a braiding , Taoism, and communism ... capitalism , with whom he must now deal . However, among the 250 million Chinese accessing the consumer middle class relatively unified behavior seems to emerge . Even non-existent in 1985, the middle class (" zhong chan ") is under development and is expected to represent 70% of China's population by 2025 .

Middle classes and new codes

For now, it is mostly made ​​up of urban households living in large eastern cities : Beijing , Shanghai , Guangzhou, but also Chongqing , Harbin, the central cities that develop. This concept of middle class is not at all derogatory to the Chinese, as it is the desire to lie " in the middle" and fits well with this reluctance to differentiate themselves in a country of " market socialism" , according to the expression of Deng Xiaoping. According to the observatory Obs China , conducted by the Institute of Studies Think Out , "the middle class is not only extended, it dictates the socio-cultural changes and shapes the society as a whole ." Ideograms used brand

  • Guerlain / Lan Jiao : precious orchid
  • Volkswagen / Da Zhong : the people
  • Ikea / Yi Jia : pleasant, family
  • Carrefour / Jia Le Fu : family, happy, happiness

In marketing , companies operating in China must deploy values, symbolic of the middle class to own distinctive codes. A middle class that needs social identity , legible and also educational brands because consumers are still starting out , even if the younger generations , the " over 35 " and " 15-24 years" , already evidence of some expertise in procurement , requiring " products without any imperfection and innovative products , not only in terms of design," as stated by Catherine Sfez , head of the China studies institute Sorgem .

... and unfortunate connotations

Google / Gu Ge agricultural product
Nissan / Lan Niao : lazy bird
For foreign brands, fully understand the Chinese consumer is able to sell at a price of 2 to 100 times higher than that of domestic products. For the Chinese consumer is fascinated by international brands. Regarding the luxury (" she shi ") , he even worships some international brands like new idols , like this buying hysteria around Vuitton leather goods brand . A brand with its famous beige brown monogram, ostensibly neutral shades , perfectly understood the expectation of the Chinese public , an "aesthetic of bland " perceived as serene and calm ...

Market Research : Keep it simple and illustrated !

Catherine Sfez is responsible for studies in China for Sorgem . His team organizes "small Chinese lunches " to understand the market and make the right decisions . Her advice to those who would use the Western marketing techniques ? Adapt. "In China , she says , qualitative studies are in their infancy or superficial , or they allow brands to explain the failures or successes and structuring positions . Technical study , the " projective " mode is very relevant because it frees the individual speech . The Chinese do not have the habit of giving their opinion , but they have a lot of ease to speak when asked to respond to images. "
Still , sometimes , exercise is tricky. With a consumer who oscillates between frugality and fun to eat , attraction for foreign and economic nationalism , this " Chinese pride " that drives him to buy Chinese. But for a potential market of 1.3 billion people , the game is worth the candle . Lap of best practices to address the Chinese business .

Three ( first ) key for sale

- A brand name well translated

A Chinese name is required . To choose is to balance the characteristics of the product, the brand values ​​... and pronunciation, plurisyllabiques words are difficult to pronounce and remember for a Chinese explain This website

An advertisement in line with the value system 

The advertisement must include the Confucian and Taoist values ​​. The objective sought by these currents of thought is the "maintenance of harmony." Implying display social success, family values, and avoid figures rebels and forward-thinking are not role models in China. The Chinese are very receptive to the realism of the product, the most important to them is not what is seen , but what gives rise to advertising as emotion. You need to really understand Chine. See tips to understand China

- Legitimate brands

Old and successful brands is the only way to overcome copies or arbitration "price" in China. They help establish a social identity , unite a community and contribute to building a culture. To be avoided : brands " provocation " against the current culture of Chinese discipline , or " seduction too active ," contrary to the traditional values ​​of modesty.


mercredi 9 octobre 2013

What can French really sell to Chinese ?

What can French really sell to Chinese ? 

The central problem that destabilizes the past few years in France, is its disastrous performance in foreign trade : in 2011, a deficit of 70 billion euros , or 2.3 % of its GDP. It thus comes very close to the record trade deficit , which was reached in 1982, when it reached 2.5% of GDP.
This year, a disastrous record was reached, therefore , essentially a stimulus policy in France was extreme and unilateral times . What is worrying now is that our execrable in foreign trade score is not articulated at all with such an excessive strength of domestic demand, but spring indeed lack of competitiveness changes we are experiencing now .

If you need further proof , we refer to our trade deficit with China, deficit reached 27.2 billion euros in 2011 . Thus, our trade deficit with China alone accounts for 39 % of our total trade deficit ( trade deficit with Germany : 24% of the total deficit ) .

Worse. Goods traded between France and China consist mainly of manufactured goods so we can validly bring our trade deficit with China , € 27.2 billion , with our trade deficit in manufactured goods with the rest of the world: 42 4 billion euros in 2011 . It would be about 64 % of our trade deficit in manufactured goods that would be attributable to China .
Contrary to what is often reported , so these are our trade relations with China are more destabilizing for our trade and our economy .

Export to China 33%

Our exports to China only cover 33 % of our imports from China , when our exports to Germany still cover 81% of our imports from Germany. Obviously, there is therefore a dysfunction in our trade with China is both specific , important and disturbing .
And we know the origin : the major international organizations ( World Bank, IMF , UN ) tell us that the euro should normally be around 4.52 yuan , but China , thanks to a draconian exchange controls which it has a monopoly and that allows him to control the exchange rate of its currency, we continue to inflict euro remains stable at around 8.32 yuan, an overvaluation of 84%.
And the overvaluation of the euro is maintained by China even despite huge adversities facing since mid-2010 on the countries of the euro area.

Trade France and China

But back to the coverage of trade between France and China : the rate already exceptionally low , at 33% , is likely to reduce further because in the coming years , our industries will be subject to all kinds of adversities for export to the Chinese market.
First, our basic exports to China manufactures will continue to suffer as the exchange rate euro / yuan is also evoked by pénalisateur .

About Cars

Even in terms of auto exports , the outlook is very unfavorable , with only Germany still manages to export high -end cars ( Mercedes , Audi, BMW ) . Peugeot and Renault, he manages to get an industrial plant in China will , like other Western manufacturers in China producing standard cars they are still selling .
In terms of TGV , where France is exceptionally well positioned internationally , China has deployed an aggressive strategy to negate the Chinese imports. After purchasing from Shinkansen (Japan) and Siemens (Germany) the technology , it has track national champions , CSR and CNR , so importing the least possible TGV and barging in export. It is true that this strategy was a masterful setback with the collision took place in July 2011 between the TGV viaduct in Wenzhou on the Beijing -Shanghai line . But China has not given up and will remain closed to exports of French TGV .

About Plane

In aeronautics , where France, Germany, remains well positioned , China makes its aircraft orders and helicopters on two conditions: EADS and Boeing have to accept a transfer of technology to get orders, which undermines the long-term evolution of aircraft orders and helicopters from China . In the short term , an increasing proportion of orders sent by China to be produced locally. Thus , the outlook for our exports , both in the short and medium term , there is also disappointing.
For nuclear power plants, the Fukushima disaster disrupts the prospect of Areva export to China . Thinking about the safety of nuclear power plants that undertaken the Chinese government will delay the construction was scheduled nuclear and China, which will be part of the club now very few countries buyers nuclear power plants, will not fail to enforce vis-à -vis the same requirements as Areva against Areva and Boeing , which also limit exports.

About luxury

Are exports of luxury goods from France to China. They continue to behave very well. It purchased by the richest Chinese, French brands are the matching label "made in France " . The French luxury companies , unlike the others, so translate into actual exports the sales they make in China. This is a very good point for our exports. But of course , we can not rely on this sector alone to rectify our manufacturing trade with China products. In cosmetic France has big advantage, see this article about this Topic

see also luxury market in China

About Culture and media

And also , the Chinese government in recent years , in its super- mercantilist strategy to always control over the global manufacturing industry , has decided to not overlook the arts and crafts or fashion and luxury or cultural products and audiovisual media. We thus emerge more strategic analysis of China who rightly insist on the role of "soft power" of the country for success in these areas that are not at all marginal .
The french leader in Luxury is LMVH

These Chinese analysts welcome the decline that began in their view, the "soft power" of France , which China has long envied us and welcome also control which China is trying to seize the international market art ...
We see exchanges between France and China are not going to rebalance . At a time when , increasingly , we rightly refers to the need for reciprocity in trade between countries, China stands out and we impose a lack of reciprocity will become increasingly destabilizing and more more unbearable .

In terms of TGV , where France is exceptionally well positioned internationally , China has deployed an aggressive strategy to negate the Chinese imports. After purchasing from Shinkansen (Japan) and Siemens (Germany) the technology , it has track national champions , CSR and CNR , so importing the least possible TGV and barging in export. It is true that this strategy was a masterful setback with the collision took place in July 2011 between the TGV viaduct in Wenzhou on the Beijing -Shanghai line . But China has not given up and will remain closed to exports of French TGV .

dimanche 6 octobre 2013

Distribution in China: the dreamt land

A turnover(sales) increasing by 6 % planned in 2013 and a market estimated(esteemed) at 11,8 billion dollars by 2016. Close by, 3,1 billions in the Western Europe and 4,4 billions in America of the North waited for the same year make weak face(figure). For the consulting firm PricewaterhouseCoopers ( PwC ), the locomotive of the consumption and the distribution(casting) whistles in Asia-Pacific.

According to a study ( PDF) realized in partnership with Economist Intelligence Unit and published on Wednesday, April 3rd, it is China which, unsurprisingly, pulls(fires) the train of the growth of the sector, and by far. In spite of a growth at the lowest for thirteen years, its sales in the distribution(casting) are called to progress of 10,5 % this year, far in front of India (6 %), Malaysia (5,7 %) and Indonesia (5,5 %).


The exponential growth of the Asian giant should allow him to take the first place in 2016 the world market for distribution, thanks to the rise of the middle class. At the 18th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party in November , the country's leaders said they wanted to double the gross domestic product ( GDP) and per capita income of urban and rural households by 2020 . According to PwC , Chinese households middle and upper classes, whose annual income is more than 15,000 dollars a year, should represent , by 2016 , 41% of the national population , against 11% in 2011.

" Based on this fact , distributors present in China only concentrate on the cities of the first and second rows , but also want to accelerate their development in the cities of the third and fourth in terms of the potential of these markets are undeveloped "explains Thierry Charpentier , Director PwC China specialist .

The Boston Consulting Group (BCG) made ​​the same observation in a November report estimated that by 2020, the wealthy Chinese class would more than double ( 280 million people ) and ensure 75% of the growth in purchases of products luxury in China. According to the firm , the affluent Chinese , under strong social pressure to " assert their status," are willing to be " on top of trends " and develop expensive tastes increasingly sophisticated in order to differentiate . Product categories that should especially benefit from this boom are the luxury apparel , automotive and cosmetics.

In this last segment , France is particularly active . From 2010 , L'Oréal took second place in the market, behind American Procter & Gamble. Building on this success , the brand does not stop there way : to meet the demand , it is opening a new factory on the continent " every two or three years," stated in November ( link subscribers) Jochen Zaumseil , general manager for the Asia- Pacific region. Meanwhile, the group opened in January its first research center in India in order to " accelerate innovation " for local consumers and adapt the offer to the market.


It is however the Asian market of the fashion and the clothing that will pull(fire) most the growth of the distribution(casting) (+ 5,1 % waited in 2016). The group Inditex, the owner of eight signs(brands) of clothing (of whom(which) Zara and Bershka), takes advantage of it widely: on his(her,its) 482 openings of shops Zara in 2012, 121 were made in China. The mark(brand) also dashed on the Clear(Net) Chinese in September, decided well to take advantage of the gigantic development of the e-commerce.

Read the note(mark) of blog: " Cha*el, Chanle, Chanele, Ch@nel... Made Chanel in Mocked "

In 2016, Asia should indeed represent 41,4 % of the world sales of the e-commerce " business to to consume " (B to C). China will monopolize it more than half: 23,4 % in 2016 against 9,9 % today. 


mercredi 25 septembre 2013

Real Estate Websites in China

Real Estate Websites in China

The real estate market in China has become mature in a very short period of time. The internet has developed from very basic websites to sophisticated platforms in less than 10 years and the country might very well be ahead of other economies regarding that matter. 

There is still several categories of websites adversiting real estate in China. 

Chinese agencies websites

The first categories of websites where you can find real estate classifieds are the real estate websites of real estate agencies. These websites are definitely designed for Chinese customers and most of them do not even have english (or an other foreign language) versions. These are the oldest type of real estate websites in China and reflect the property portofolio of the companies, you can have a look on websites such as «  Wo Ai Wo Jia » or «  Century 21 China ». 


Real Estate classifieds on Expat websites

A disctinct category of websites that include real estate classifieds are the websites designed for foreigners such as the Beijinger, the Shanghaiist or City Week End
These websites are very specific and deal with classified aimed at foreigners. They are used by foreigners and are favoured by Chinese Real Estate agencies and landlords because of their preference for foreign tenants who have the reputation of behaving better with the apartments. Still, this is a marginal category.


Relocation Agencies Real Estate Websites.

For example, have a look on the Scout Real Estate Beijing website. These agencies have a niche market : the expatriates in Chinese large cities. Their websites are interesting to compare with Chinese websites because of their very different design, that looks clearer to westerners when Chinese websites have information scattered all over the screen. These sites are interesting as well because they select the most presigious compounds in China large cities, faithfully reflecting the market structure in China with a high grade real estate market limited to a few residences in prestigious city landmarks. With Chinese real estate market becoming more mature, this might evolve in the future but it is still a limited market.

Real Estate platforms, the Soufun success story

With Chinese real estate distribution network being more and more online, a new kind of website has emerged, the most inconic being Soufun. This is a very impressive platform with an open architecture, where agencies, landlords, developers and customers can register and interact, making it the most reliable source of real estate data in China. This is top notch website with a very modern interface, that proves how much the Chinese real estate websites have evolved in such a short period of time.

A new category : Chinese real estate websites for overseas properties

With Chinese real estate developemnt, Chinese investors want to diversify their portfolio or more simply set a foot outside China. This is a rising phenomenon illsutrated by the success of Juwai,  a website dedicated to properties overseas, with precise explanations about the areas where they are about to invest. This is a great success and responds to a clear need of Chinese customers.

lundi 2 septembre 2013


Break-even is the point where the profit and loss are exactly equal. This point reflects the moment when the investor can get returned after his investment. Break-even indicates also the point of balance between sales income and prime cost (use in distribution for example). At this point, theres’s neither profit nor loss, although opportunity costs have been paid. When a company fixes prices or decides its marginal profits, the break-even serves as a critical point of making profits. Therefore, it’s important to make use of the break-even point in management strategies. This point can be widely used in product marketing, investment or even a company’s entire business. In the option area , it is also helpful. For options, break-even indicates the exact market price that should be reached. Only at this price can buyers not be in a loss. Break-even analysis is a useful tool to study the relation among the fixed cost, changing cost and profits. The analysis shows in a visible and direct way when to get the costs returned with a chart or a formula. Through the analysis, we come to know, within a given price, what the size of production should be to cover the total costs. Similarly, we get to know, within a given quantity of production, what the price should be to cover the total coats.Usually, we use a chart as seen below to get the results. From the break-even point, we begin to make profits.

To make a more accurate analysis, we often use some formulas to work out the final results. It’s BEP = TFC/(SUP - VCUP). Here, BEP = Break-even Point, TFC = Total Fixed Costs, VCUP = Variable Costs per Unit of Production, SUP = Selling Price Per Unit of Production.

Nowadays, more and more companies apply the analysis for the sake of a better profit and favorable financing strategies. For the most of time, when one wants to open up a start-up, he should draw up a financial planning with which he can make a clear understanding of his further financial situation. This point allows him to make or modify others’ decisions. For example, if a company finds that his predefined investment can’t cover the total cost before arriving at break-even point, it may probably seek for other investors, cooperators or cut down its fixed cost(equipments, factories, administrative expenses, etc).

Though break-even is widely used in financial evaluation and profit-loss forecast, it has also some restrictions. Firstly, each analysis conforms only to a single product. Secondly, it’s difficult to classify the fixed cost and the changing cost. Sometimes, the functional relation between the prime cost and income has changed, but the operator doesn’t recognized it. So with the previous analysis, he or she may get wrong results, which could lead to a loss.

mercredi 14 août 2013


Store-check is a tool widely used in marketing research as to review the merchandises in a retail store by non-sales researchers whose responsibilities are to perform such field examinations. Store, in marketing research, means to put one’s products into others’ distribution canals in China. It’s a method often applied to launch new products or to explore new markets. Store-check, together with retail studying, aims to know the final markets through market share and the competition on the shelves. Store-checks are done from a micro angle to see how the products are displayed and how they are sold.

In a store-check, we can get much information as below.

l  Brand visibility. It means how often we can see a band on the basis of the sample. For example, if 100 out of the sample size 200 can be seen, the brand visibility is 50%(100/200).
l  Product visibility. Taking the sample size as the base, we come to know how many of them have presented the products. For instance, if 50 out of the sample size 200 can be seen, the product visibility is 25%(50/200).
l  Category visibility. Taking the sample size as the base, we come to know how many categories can be seen in a retail store. Attention, here, brand is not taken into account. For example, if 120 out of  the sample size 200 can be seen, the category visibility is 60%(120/200).
l  Relative visibility. It means what the product visibility is within the category visibility. For instance, if the sample size is 200, the category visibility is 60%, the product visibility is 50%, then the relative visibility is 83.3% (50%/60%).
l  Weighting visibility. The product visibility is based on the weighting allowance made by the company itself. For instance, the visibility of product X of Brand P near schools is 50%(0.2 weighting allowance), the visibility in restaurants is 60% (0.3 weighting allowance), the visibility in supermarkets is 90%(0.4 weighting allowance).So , the weighting visibility is 50%×0.2+ 60%×0.3+90%×0.4=64%
l  Compared with store rate, the visibility considers the products that are displayed on the shelves.

For the most of time, a company which performs such a studying attempts to compare its products with those of the competitors, as the following charts shows. 

When we set about to a store-check, we should pay attention to :

l  We should select the targeted stores in different regions of a city so that the results will be representative.
l  We should ensure that the researcher’ role is not recognised by the sellers so that the results will be authentic.
l  We can reexamine the check with a few samples to make sure of the check’s credibility.
l  The researching statistics should be logged accurately as soon as possible.

Before we start our operation, we should be clear about the objective, define the researching contents and draw up an outline. Then we should be care of the date , regions and the sample size. At last, it comes to write the report after the research is over.

jeudi 1 août 2013

Distribution of wine in China

China’s wines history start of Envoy Zhang Qian in the Han Dynasty.Zhang brought back the grapes and wine brewing process.From thisChinese people grasp the wine brewing process.In 1915,China’s wine appears in the 1915 Panama Pacific International Exposition.And it won the gold medal.Chinese wine was commended in the world wide.

In the past few years, China, the world's second largest economy, has risen to become one of the world's most important wine markets, offering both high growth potential and generous profit margins. By volume, the country is currently the seventh-largest consumer of wine, with expected sales of 1.6 billion bottles in 2011. In contrast, the U.S. and France, the first and second largest consumers of wine, are expected to consume 4.0 billion and 3.9 billion bottles, respectively. Since 2006, the Chinese market has experienced more than 20% annualized growth, and experts predict it will further double by 2014 to become the world's sixth largest.

Collectively, three major domestic producers account for nearly half the total wine sales in China. The largest brand, Changyu Pioneer Wine, is a unit of the major state-owned conglomerate China National Cereals, Oils, and Foodstuffs Corporation (COFCO). Changyu and the other two primary producers, Great Wall Wine and Dynasty Wine, focus on domestic consumption, with 98% of their production remaining in China.
Foreign wine imports are also growing rapidly. In 2010, imports grew to more than 20% of total wine consumption, a four-fold increase since 2005. Reductions in tariffs following China's accession to the WTO have been one factor in this growth. Currently, an estimated 20 million adults drink imported wines on at least an occasional basis. Given that this figure is a fraction of the overall estimated 200 million plus people who have the purchasing power to buy imported wine, the future for foreign wine appears bright.

Chinese wine market survey

Based on the Baidu index,currently,wine in the degree of concern of Chinese cities,Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou which three China's most economically developed cities are the top three.We found Zhengzhou, Chengdu, Xian, Wuhan which four Chinese inland cities in the top ten .Chinese wine market is developing. This shows , in china’s inland cities , more and more people focus on wine.According to information related to wine search. How to homemade wine? This is the top question.More and more people understand the knowledge of wine and willing to try drinking wine.China has a huge wine market .It is rising phase.

China’s wine market :Domestic wine vs Imported wine

We compared the wine, imported wine, domestic wine these three keyword search data. The data of Concerns imported wines shows ,Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou are still among the top three.And Zhengzhou, Xiamen which Chinese second-tier cities have high concern.The data of domestic imported wines has some changes.Zhengzhou, Taiyuan, Xian and other second-tier cities in China are the top 10.Compare the imported wine and domestic wine .These second-tier cities is also Concerns imported wines.And these cities, concern for imported wines is also an increasing trend.

lundi 1 juillet 2013


« The large distribution in China entered a new stage of development » assures Guo Geping, the president of the association of chains and franchising of China, in the columns of Caixin Century. « Rules, structure and environment of the market must be reconsidered. "

The actors of the sector have to adapt themselves to a new situation, where the competition is aggravated and the increasing operating costs rapids, adds Guo Geping. The big foreign groups have other solution no than to adjust their strategy. Li Ling, a public relations manager of Wal-Mart so explains to the weekly on which the company decided to concentrate on the improvement of the quality in its stores ready more than on the opening of new points of sale. The group also plans to dash into the e-commerce, rapidly expanding in China.

For example, Wal-Mart plans the opportunity to acquire 51 % of the e-supermarket The Store and that its platform of on-line sale would be taken for a trial period at present. The Chinese distributors already ready quarrel ardently the market with cost of price war and easy terms. « We do not know to what extent the foreign companies will be capable of competing. », concludes Caixin Century with a note of pessimism.